Bullying and Harassment images now available

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The Canadian Centre for Occupational Health & Safety (CCOHS)  published a document (below) about what workplace bullying and harassment can include, and what individuals should do if it’s occurring.

CALM Staff in partnership with cartoonist, Debbie Wilson, have developed graphics depicting the various types of bullying and harassment for our members use.  These graphics could be used in individual social media posts, or print publications reminding members what bullying or harassment can look like, and what to do if it’s occurring.  The graphics were designed so that members can be use them individually or grouped together based on relevance to individual workplaces. 

CALM staff have envisioned these graphics being used in posters around the workplace, newsletters, websites, buttons, t-shirts, and other uses.

You can find the images here.

Workplace Bullying and Harassment can include

  • Spreading malicious rumours, gossip, or innuendo.

  • Excluding or isolating someone socially.

  • Intimidating a person.

  • Undermining or deliberately impeding a person's work.

  • Physically abusing or threatening abuse.

  • Removing areas of responsibilities without cause.

  • Constantly changing work guidelines.

  • Establishing impossible deadlines that will set up the individual to fail.

  • Withholding necessary information or purposefully giving the wrong information.

  • Making jokes that are 'obviously offensive' by spoken word or e-mail.

  • Intruding on a person's privacy by pestering, spying or stalking.

  • Assigning unreasonable duties or workload which are unfavourable to one person (in a way that creates unnecessary pressure).

  • Underwork - creating a feeling of uselessness.

  • Yelling or using profanity.

  • Criticising a person persistently or constantly.

  • Belittling a person's opinions.

  • Unwarranted (or undeserved) punishment.

  • Blocking applications for training, leave or promotion.

  • Tampering with a person's personal belongings or work equipment.

How can bullying affect an individual?

People who are the targets of bullying may experience a range of effects. These reactions include:

  • Shock.

  • Anger.

  • Feelings of frustration and/or helplessness.

  • Increased sense of vulnerability.

  • Loss of confidence.

  • Physical symptoms such as:

    • Inability to sleep.

    • Loss of appetite.

  • Psychosomatic symptoms such as:

    • Stomach pains.

    • Headaches.

  • Panic or anxiety, especially about going to work.

  • Family tension and stress.

  • Inability to concentrate.

  • Low morale and productivity.

How can bullying affect the workplace?

Bullying affects the overall "health" of an organization. An "unhealthy" workplace can have many effects. In general these include:

  • Increased absenteeism.

  • Increased turnover.

  • Increased stress.

  • Increased costs for employee assistance programs (EAPs), recruitment, etc.

  • Increased risk for accidents / incidents.

  • Decreased productivity and motivation.

  • Decreased morale.

  • Reduced corporate image and customer confidence.

  • Poor customer service.

What can you do if you think you are being bullied?

If you feel that you are being bullied, discriminated against, victimized or subjected to any form of harassment:


  • FIRMLY tell the person that his or her behaviour is not acceptable and ask them to stop. You can ask a supervisor or union member to be with you when you approach the person.

  • KEEP a factual journal or diary of daily events. Record:

    • The date, time and what happened in as much detail as possible.

    • The names of witnesses.

    • The outcome of the event.

Remember, it is not just the character of the incidents, but the number, frequency, and especially the pattern that can reveal the bullying or harassment.

  • KEEP copies of any letters, memos, emails, faxes, etc., received from the person.

  • REPORT the harassment to the person identified in your workplace policy, your supervisor, or a delegated manager. If your concerns are minimized, proceed to the next level of management.


DO NOT RETALIATE. You may end up looking like the perpetrator and will most certainly cause confusion for those responsible for evaluating and responding to the situation.

For more information: